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twiikker

[GUIDE] archlinux VM with EFI

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Hello.

 

Here is my commands which i've now used 2 times to install archlinux as VM inside Unraid with EFI.

 

I'm using latest unraid version: 6.7.2 and it's intel system.

 

Tell me if there is any problems with it.

I've used archlinux-2019.04.01-x86_64.iso

 

Add VM --> Select Arch

Machine: i440fx-3.1

BIOS: OVMF

Primary vDisk Size: 20G

 

CREATE

 

Connect to VM

 

ls /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/**/*.map.gz      #lists all keymaps

loadkeys fi                                               #your keymap fi/en/swe etc whatever you want

ls /sys/firmware/efi/efivars                       #checks if efi is enabled

ping google.com                                      #check that you have connection

timedatectl set-ntp true                          #sets ntp

fdisk -l                                                    #lists disks

fdisk /dev/vda                                           #open fdisk on your virtual drive

------------- fdisk /dev/vda ------------------

n >> enter >> enter >> enter >> +550M      #efi partition
n >> enter >> enter >> enter >> +18G         #linux partition 18G for 20GB vDisk 28G for 30GB vDisk etc
n >> enter >> enter >> enter >> enter        #swap partition, rest of disk as swap

w                                                             #writes changes

---------------------------------------------------------

mkfs.fat -F32 /dev/vda1                             #formats efi partition
mkfs.ext4 /dev/vda2                                  #formats linux parition
mkswap /dev/vda3                                    #formats swap partition
swapon /dev/vda3                                     #sets swap partiton

mount /dev/vda2 /mnt                               #mounts linux partition to /mnt

mkdir /mnt/boot                                        #makes boot folder inside /mnt
mount /dev/vda1 /mnt/boot                       #mounts efi partition to /mnt/boot

pacstrap /mnt base                                  #installs arch to /mnt

genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab           #generated fstab

arch-chroot /mnt                                      #changes root location to /mnt aka where just installed arch

timedatectl list-timezones                         #list available timezones

ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Europe/Helsinki /etc/localtime    #set your zone as default

hwclock --systohc                                    #sets hardware clock

locale-gen                                                #generates locales

 

nano /etc/locale.conf                                #open/create file
--------- /etc/locale.conf --------------
LANG=en_GB.UTF-8                                  #set your preferred language and press CTRL+X >> y >> enter
----------------------------------------------------

 

nano /etc/vconsole.conf                            #open/create file
------- /etc/vconsole.conf ----------
KEYMAP=fi                                               #sets keyboard layout, CTRL+X >> y >>  enter
---------------------------------------------------

 

nano /etc/hostname                                 #open/create file
-------- /etc/hostname ---------------
archlinux                                                #sets hostname for your machine, CTRL+X >> y >>  enter
--------------------------------------------------

 

nano /etc/hosts                                       #open/create file
------ /etc/hosts -----------------------
127.0.0.1           localhost
::1                    localhost
127.0.1.1            archlinux.workgroup    archlinux               #CTRL+X >> y >>  enter
-------------------------------------------------

 

mkinitcpio -p linux                                     #makes initframs

passwd                                                    #sets password for root

exit                                                          #exits /mnt root back to live

grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/mnt/boot --boot-directory=/mnt/boot --bootloader-id=grub             #installs grub

arch-chroot /mnt                                     #back to /mnt root

pacman -S grub                                       #installs grub package to installation

grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg        #same as update-grub on ubuntu

exit                                                         #exits /mnt back to live

reboot -f                                                  #reboots system

 

dhcpcd                                                   #if you dont have network this gives it

ping google.com                                      #test connection

 

-------------- GUI installation start ---------------------

pacman -S lxde                                       #installs lxde (you can install whatever GUI you want)

 

#optional apps
pacman -S firefox                                   #installs firefox
pacman -S transmission-gtk                    #installs transmission GUI
 

systemctl enable lxdm                            #makes service to enable lxdm

nano /etc/lxdm/lxdm.conf                       #opens lxdm config
session=/usr/bin/startlxde                      #edit session to match as following (uncomment it)

reboot -f                                               

setxkbmap fi                                         #inside gui enviroment sets your keymapping

-------------- GUI installation end ---------------------


dhcpcd                                                 #if you dont have network

ip link                                                   #look for your network device name eth0 or ens3 in my case
systemctl enable dhcpcd@ens3           #creates startup service for ens3
ip link set ens3 up                                #sets ens3 up
 

pacman -Syy                                        #update package list
pacman -Su                                         #install updates

 

#optional: user creation for sudoing
useradd -m -s /bin/bash arch                 #creater new user, arch is username
passwd arch                                       #sets password for arch

pacman -S sudo                                  #installs sudo package

EDITOR=nano visudo                           #edit sudo config

arch ALL=(ALL) ALL                              #add this line with your username under root ALL=(ALL) ALL and CTRL+X >> y >>  enter

 

reboot -f                                               #reboot


DONE

 

twiikker

Edited by twiikker

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