Tom3

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  1. Playing with several Ubuntu VM's - found that logging out the local user (while leaving the VM up and services running) cuts down the write rate dramatically. -- Tom
  2. The storage management section of the manual details how to handle cache replacement. Recommended reading. https://wiki.unraid.net/Manual/Storage_Management#Why_use_a_Pool.3F -- Tom
  3. Hi Orlando - it looks like the Mellanox MCX311A-XCAT has been reported by others to work correctly in Unraid (based on google search): Unraid Forum Post Reddit Post I'm puzzled why ethtool on both systems reports the interface (if) as link down. -- Tom
  4. Hi Orlando - interesting. ethtool reports 10000baseKR (which is the single lane backplane electrical interface version of 10GbE). The coding on that is the same as 10GBaseSR, so it's likely just an unusual way to report the interface. You don't report which driver the 10G interface is using. (ethtool -i devname) Not all NIC cards are supported in Linux, you need to check to see if the driver and card you are using is supported by UNRAID. With optical interfaces there are some compatibility issues that need to be taken account of: 1. Both ends need to be compatible (same wavelength, same fiber type, correct fiber type). If you are using 10GBaseSR (short reach) multimode fiber (MMF) then the fiber needs to be the right type. 10GBaseSR is not too stressful on the fiber characteristics, I think up to about 500m is normally OK. The two optical modules need to be compatible. 2. That interface can support FEC (forward error correction). FEC needs to be set the same (On / Off) at both ends. Depending on the software, it may need to be manually configured. Your card may or may not support FEC - ethtool is showing 'Not reported'. Perhaps you may need to set if to Off at both ends. 3. Fiber connector cleanliness is critical. Dirty connectors are far and away the most common problem with fiber and can cause all kinds of strange symptoms. Both the fiber end-face and the barrels need to be clean and unscratched.. 4. ethtool message on eth2 reports that the interface is down, but ip show reports it up. -- Tom
  5. One place to start is using 'ethtool' from the UNRAID cli. It will tell you about negotiated speed, duplex, other parameters. This may tell you if something is misconfigured. # ip link show will list all the interfaces on your system (devname is usually eth0 eth1, eth2, etc.) # ethtool devname will list the parameters for that specific interface #ethtool -i devname will tell you what driver it's using # ethtool -h will give you brief help. Suggest reading up on ethtool online. https://linuxhint.com/ethtool_commands_examples/ -- Tom
  6. It probably depends on what you want to do with your system. A critical element being whether you want to host dockers or VMs. In my system I have 4 x HD and 1 x NVME SSD. Initially all the docker containers and VMs were on SSD. However one of the VM's (an Ubuntu server instance) was totally clobbering the SSD with about 2 GB/s write rate. After one week it had consumed about 10% of the SSD rated lifetime. There was a lengthy thread about Docker containers having write amplification problems, and eventually a fix seemed to come about. But my server VM did not appear to benefit. So I moved all the always-on VMs over to Hard Drive. The write rate there is *****WAY***** lower than to SSD for some reason. -- Tom
  7. I'm not an expert in reading diagnoistics, but it appears that your system has the br0 and br1 NIC interfaces bonded together into a Link Aggregation Group (LAG). Does the thing they connect to (Ethernet switch?) support LAG and has that switch been configured for LAG? You might want to try looking at your settings, and if bonded, eliminating the LAG bonding, then connect just one of the interfaces to the Ethernet switch. The <your-servers-ip> /Dashboard/Settings/NetworkSettings page is where you can re-configure the network settings. -- Tom
  8. The retr column shows the number of retransmitted TCP packets. The first row in your transfer shows 56 retries, which is so high as to appear essentially non-functional. So the question: what is the cause ? Some things to check: 1. Ethernet cables. 2. Any intervening Ethernet switch. 3. Do you have two things assigning DHCP addresses on the same LAN segment? 4. Bad NIC card or connector. After that it gets more difficult to troubleshoot: 5. Wrong driver for the Ethernet NIC.? 6. Out of memory condition preventing TCP from acquiring buffer space? -- Tom
  9. It's difficult to see what market this is targeted at. Large companies probably would use some sort of tape mechanism that can robotically insert, remove and change tapes. Rolling backups come to mind. For hobbyist and home use the price is too high compared to just buying some 10+ Tb disk drives. The 100 year lifetime also means that the drive and writing system would need to be around in 100 years. So does that really means that the probability of failure to read is lowered in the 1-10 year timeframe ? Perhaps the commercial photography and video market might be the target. Hence BH Photo selling it. -- Tom
  10. Too bad that the ODS-380U drive it goes into costs $8995.00 https://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/product/1549175-REG/sony_odsd380u_optical_disc_archive_gen3.html
  11. I was only able to access the tunnel endpoint (the UNRAID server) at 10.253.x.x when using the "Remote Tunneled Access" mode. That showed allowed IP as 0.0.0.0/0 Nothing else seemed reachable. Changing to "Remote Access to LAN" mode I was able to access the server and the local LAN, but not the internet attached to the local LAN. -- Tom
  12. Hi Drackeo - you have first to make a decision: to use RJ45 / Cat 6A cable, or to use SFP+ based connectors. This will drive the kind of card you purchase. For RJ45 / Cat6A: Pros: * Connectorized cables are inexpensive and readily available, or you can make your own. Cons: * The modules with RJ45 are usually higher priced, * The latency is a (lot) more than SFP+ units, * The power is a higher than SFP+ units. * The reach is sometimes limited to 30 meters depending on the interface. Some SFP+ to RJ45 adaptors have such limited reach. For SFP+ : Cons: * You need a special cable. Can be DAC (Direct Attached Copper), Multimode fiber (several hundred meters) or Single mode fiber (about 10 km). * DAC copper usually limited in reach to maybe 10 meters. Pros: * The prices on 10G DAC and fiber have dropped dramatically recently. I saw DAC 3 foot for $15, MMF for $17 and SMF for $27. * SFP+ usually has much better latency and lower power. You should look at the total system cost (Cards, modules, cables, etc.). NICs with SFP+ and 10G switches with SFP+ can be significantly less expensive than RJ45. Note there are SFP+ adaptors that plug into SFP+ slot and provide RJ-45 interface. Check the reach of these as the less expensive ones have poor reach on CAT 6A. The power of the adaptor may limit how many you can plug into a SFP+ switch. But they are handy when you have a device and you have to convert. -- Tom
  13. Having a simple way to persist the public key would be nice for SSH. If a similar method can also be used for root login, even better.
  14. Hi On the MAIN page of UNRAID, under Array Devices, where the disks are listed... 1. The dot in front of each disk device spins that one disk up or down (toggling the state). Hover your mouse over the dot to see... 2. There are up and down arrows just below the list of devices (on the line Array of {number} devices) to spin down or spin up all devices. -- Tom
  15. You may find it helpful to read on the Wiki about Parity drives: https://wiki.unraid.net/UnRAID_6/Storage_Management#Parity_Disks One possibility for identifying disks may be to spin down all the disks, then spin them up one at a time while looking at each disk activity indicator LED. -- Tom